Monte Carlo Based Multi-Media Fate Model for the Great Lakes Ecosystem Syracuse Research Corporation: Environmental Science Center Great Lakes Commission
Monte Carlo Based Multi-Media Fate Model for the Great Lakes Ecosystem Syracuse Research Corporation: Environmental Science Center Great Lakes Commission
Home Overview Environmental Parameters Standard Level III Calculation Monte Carlo Level III Calculation Contact
Environmental Properties for the Great Lakes

Some of the important environmental parameters used to develop the models for each of the Great Lakes are provided in the table below. Other parameters including temperature, rainfall rates, runoff rates from soils and sedimentation rates were derived from a variety of sources including the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration Great Lakes Research Laboratory (NOAA GLERL), Integrated Atmospheric Deposition Network (IADN), and several published papers.

Compartment Dimensions and Properties of the Model
Compartment Air Water Soil Sediment
Lake Ontario
Volume (m3) 8.3x1013 1.64x1012 6.4x109 1.89x108
Depth (m) 1000 87 0.1 0.01
Area (m2) 8.3x1010 1.89x1010 6.4x1010 1.89x1010
Volumetric flow rate (m3/hr) 1.8x1012 2.5x107 * 1512

Lake Superior

Volume (m3) 2.1x1014 1.25x1013 1.28x1010 8.20x108
Depth (m) 1000 152 0.1 0.01
Area (m2) 2.1x1011 8.2x1010 1.28x1011 8.20x1010
Volumetric flow rate (m3/hr) 3.3x1012 8.1x106 * 558

Lake Michigan

Volume (m3) 1.76x1014 4.93x1012 1.18x1010 5.8x108
Depth (m) 1000 85 0.1 0.01
Area (m2) 1.76x1011 5.8x1010 1.18x1011 5.8x1010
Volumetric flow rate (m3/hr) 3.9x1012 5.6x106 * 3944

Lake Huron

Volume (m3) 1.93x1014 3.48x1012 1.34x1010 5.9x108
Depth (m) 1000 59 0.1 0.01
Area (m2) 1.93x1011 5.9x1010 1.34x1011 5.9x1010
Volumetric flow rate (m3/hr) 5.2x1012 2.05x107 * 4012

Lake Erie

Volume (m3) 1.04x1014 4.92x1011 7.81x109 2.59x108
Depth (m) 1000 19 0.1 0.01
Area (m2) 1.04x1011 2.59x1010 7.81x1010 2.59x1010
Volumetric flow rate (m3/hr) 2.3x1012 2.38x107 * 1760
* No advection is assumed in the soil compartment; therefore, no volumetric flow rate is used.
Syracuse Research Corporation
Developed by the Syracuse Research Corporation Environmental Science Center under contract to the Great Lakes Commission's Great Lakes Air Deposition (GLAD) program, supported by the U.S. EPA.

Great Lakes Commission